What you wrote down is the quotient of the 2-dimensional translation group by a discrete subgroup. But by far not every closed manifold arises as a quotient of groups this way.
One should be aware that the term "compactification" in physics is used not so much to refer to what in mathematics is called compactification of non-compact spaces. For instace one-point compactification in the mathematical sense turns the real line line into the circle. (However it also turns the plane into the 2-sphere, not into the torus.)
Instead, what is meant by "compactification" in physics is that you just choose a closed (and hence compact) manifold $Q$, then choose spacetime $X$ to be a $Q$-fiber bundle over space base space (often assumed to be just a product $X = Q \times Y$), and then describe the Kaluza-Klein mechanism for passing from physics on $X = Q \times Y$ to effective physics on just $Y$.
In particular for Calabi-Yau "compactifications" you just choose $Q$ to be a Calabi-Yau manifold, and then consider the Kaluza-Klein mechanism on spacetimes which are $Q$-fiber bundles. You don't actually obtain these spacetimes as compactifications of non-compact spacetimes in the sense of mathematics.
(Well one could consider that problem, but this is not what is generally meant by "compactification" in physics.)
This post imported from StackExchange Physics at 2014-03-09 16:15 (UCT), posted by SE-user Urs Schreiber